Fusion Science

Nuclear Fusion

UCSD Physics Dept Tom Murphy Ah, fusion. Long promised, both on Do the Math and in real life, fusion is regarded as the ultimate power source—the holy grail—the “arrival” of the human species. Talk of fusion conjures visions of green fields and rainbows and bunny rabbits…and a unicorn too, I hear. But I strike too harsh a tone in my ... Read More »

Labs Conducting Fusion Science Projects

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Princeton, NJ 08543-0451 GPS: 100 Stellarator Road Princeton, NJ 08540 U.S.A. +1-609 243-2000 http://www.pppl.gov/ Lawrence Livermore National Labs National Ignition Facility (NIF) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 7000 East Avenue • Livermore, CA 94550 https://lasers.llnl.gov/ Los Alamos National Laboratory Take from Company Index Sandia National Laboratories Z Pulsed Power Facility http://www.sandia.gov/z-machine/ MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center ... Read More »

Fission vs. Fusion – What’s the Difference?

Duke Energy Nuclear Information Center Inside the sun, fusion reactions take place at very high temperatures and enormous gravitational pressures The foundation of nuclear energy is harnessing the power of atoms. Both fission and fusion are nuclear processes by which atoms are altered to create energy, but what is the difference between the two? Simply put, fission is the division ... Read More »

Private Fusion Companies

Fusion Start-up Companies Energy Matter Conversion Corporation (EMC2) Polywell 9155 Brown Deer Road Suite 4 San Diego, CA 92121-2260 +1-858-202-6900 Jaeyoung Park, Ph.D., Chief Scientists http://www.emc2fusion.org/ Company Information & Scientific Papers at “Inertial Electrostatic Confinement” Tri Alpha Energy 19631 Pauling Foothill Ranch, CA 92610 +1-949-716-8900 http://www.trialphaenergy.com/ Company Information & Scientific Papers at “Z Pinch” MSNW Fusion Energy – Space Propulsion ... Read More »

Nuclear Fusion – The Theory

By Barrie Lawson, UK The Holy Grail of nuclear energy, nuclear fusion is the process by which the Sun generates its prodigious energy providing us with the warmth and light we receive. It is the process by which the nuclei two light atoms combine to form a single, bigger nucleus of a new atom releasing large amounts of energy as ... Read More »

Nuclear Fusion Reactors

By Barrie Lawson, UK Solar Fusion The Sun’s immense energy is due to ongoing nuclear fusion occurring in its core where the temperature is around 15 Million degrees Celsius. It’s not a simple reaction, but a series reactions starting with the fusion of the two simplest atomic nuclei, the Hydrogen nuclei (protons), followed by fusion of the products of the ... Read More »

Is There a Better Route to Fusion?

Following presentation adapted from T. H. Rider Ph.D. thesis, MIT Published with permission June 2015 All rights reserved by original author & institution “Thirty-five years ago I was an expert precious-metal quartz-miner. There was an outcrop in my neighborhood that assayed $600 a ton—gold. But every fleck of gold in it was shut up tight and fast in an intractable ... Read More »

Development of Practical Fusion Power

T. D. Tamarkin USCL-EnergyCite® Additional scientific contributors, S. C. Hsu, Ph.D., T. J. Awe, Ph.D., S. Brockington, Ph.D., A. Case, Ph.D., J. T. Cassibry, Ph.D., G. Kagan, Ph.D., S. J. Messer, Ph.D., M. Stanic, X. Tang, Ph.D., D. R. Welch, Ph.D., and F. D. Witherspoon, Ph.D. Updated December 14, 2014 ®   Abstract Fusion is the ultimate source of energy ... Read More »

Fusion for Children

Download this book as a printer friendly PDF Have you ever wondered how the sun keeps burning for such a long time? Why doesn’t the sun just burn out like a campfire? Many years ago, when the author of this book was just in second grade, my teacher told the class about the three things that it takes to make ... Read More »

Mainline Fusion Approaches

Background In the United States and most countries large government sponsored fusion projects are based on two somewhat opposite scientific approaches. These are: Magnetic Confinement tokomak The tokomak is the most developed magnetic confinement system and is the basis for the design of future fusion reactors using this method. It was invented in the Soviet Union during the 1960s and ... Read More »

Innovative Confinement Concepts

Innovative Confinement Concepts and Alternative Fusion Approaches Between 1996 and 2000, the Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (FESAC) recommended a vigorous program in Innovative Confinement Concepts to explore several practical alternative paths to the mainline Magnetic Confinement and Inertial Confinement programs. It was never funded. After the U.S. joined the ITER program as a 9% partner, the ICC program was ... Read More »

Fusion Fission Hybrid Concept

By: Tom Tamarkin Founder Fusion4Freedom & President USCL Corp In anticipation of a possible nuclear renaissance, there has been an enthusiastic renewal of interest in the fusion-fission hybrid concept, driven primarily by some members of the fusion community. A fusion-fission hybrid consists of a neutron-producing fusion core surrounded by a fission blanket. Hybrids are of interest because of their potential ... Read More »

Fusion Development History, Status & Previous Project Cancellations

By: Tom Tamarkin Founder Fusion4Freedom & President USCL Corp Legend has it that there are more problems in attaining controlled nuclear fusion than scientists anticipated, and that little progress has been made. “Fusion is still fifty years away, and always has been” has become the common refrain of skeptics. But the reason that we do not have commercially available fusion ... Read More »

Why a Nuclear Reactor Cannot Explode like an Atom Bomb

Reactors and Atom Bombs A nuclear reactor is a power plant, that uses nuclear fission to eventually generate electricity. An atom bomb also uses nuclear fission to generate energy causing an explosion. However, due to fundamental differences between the two a nuclear reactor cannot explode like an atom bomb. To understand these differences, it is first important to understand the ... Read More »

Fusion Propulsion

Direct fusion propulsion has long been considered by NASA for the next generation of manned spacecraft for long distance space exploration. Fusion power is environmentally clean, emits no greenhouse gases, and produces no appreciable radioactive waste. The planet’s fossil fuel reserves are severely limited. Whereas current nuclear fission fuel resources still remain abundant, nuclear power has safety, radioactive waste, and ... Read More »